STD tests can detect sexually transmitted infections (STIs), which can turn into sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). Many STDs have no obvious symptoms, but they are still very contagious. Left untreated, STDs can cause severe health problems, including infertility, cancer and organ damage.
Common sexually transmitted infections include:
- Genital herpes
- Hepatitis B
- HPV (human papillomarivus)
Who should be tested for STDs?
If you are sexually active, the safest choice is to get tested. In general, screenings are recommended if you are sexually active and:
- You are about to start a new relationship
- You have (or have had) multiple partners
- You and your partner do not use condoms
- Your partner has multiple partners
- You or your partner has tested positive for HIV or another STD
- You or your partner is showing symptoms of HIV or another STD
- You have been forced into sexual activity against your will
What does an STD test involve?
Tests differ for different types of STDs. You may need to do a blood test, urine test, swab or physical exam. The test also depends on when you might have been infected, as some tests are unreliable past a certain time. Talk to your healthcare provider about your sexual history to determine which test you need.
When you receive your test results, talk to your healthcare provider about next steps. STDs caused by bacteria can be treated with antibiotics. There is no cure for STDs caused by viruses, but they can be kept under control with medicine.
If you are sexually active, even if you aren’t experiencing symptoms, contact the nearest CareNow® urgent care clinic for confidential STD testing. You can minimize your wait time with our Web Check-In®.